Vermont received $30 million in 2021 to improve wastewater systems, but sustained investment from the BIL is necessary to increase resilience.
Vermont is a small state located in the northeastern part of the United States, with a population of around 623,000 people. Despite its small size, Vermont has a relatively developed infrastructure system that supports the state's economy and quality of life. The American Society of Civil Engineers gave Vermont a C- on its infrastructure report card.
Transportation is a critical component of Vermont's infrastructure. The state has around 2,700 miles of highways, of which 1,200 miles are considered to be in poor condition. The average age of Vermont's bridges is 58 years, which is higher than the national average of 44 years. The state has 2,716 bridges, of which 342 are structurally deficient and 1,040 are functionally obsolete. Vermont has an extensive rail network, with around 335 miles of track, most of which is used for freight transportation.
Vermont's energy infrastructure is also well developed. The state has a diverse mix of energy sources, including natural gas, oil, hydroelectricity, biomass, and wind power. Approximately 45% of Vermont's electricity is generated from renewable sources, and the state has set a goal of achieving 90% renewable energy by 2050.
Vermont's water infrastructure is in relatively good condition. The state has around 7,000 miles of streams and rivers and 807 lakes and ponds. However, many of these water bodies are at risk from pollution and other environmental threats. Vermont has invested in upgrading its drinking water and wastewater treatment systems, with around 85% of the state's residents connected to public water systems and 76% connected to public wastewater treatment systems.
Overall, Vermont's infrastructure is in decent condition, but there is room for improvement. The state's highways and bridges require significant investment to bring them up to standard, and there is a need for more investment in renewable energy and environmental protection.